The dental specialist performs the proper treatment of facial injuries. These professionals must be well versed in emergency care, acute treatment and long-term reconstruction and rehabilitation – not just for physical reasons but emotional as well. Oral and maxillofacial surgeons are trained, skilled and uniquely qualified to manage and treat facial trauma. Injuries to the face, by their very nature, impart a high degree of emotional, as well as physical trauma to patients. The science and art of treating these injuries requires special training involving a “hands on” experience and an understanding of how the treatment provided will influence the patient’s long term function and appearance.
Dr. Krueger, Dr. Lenox and Dr. Peterson meet and exceed these modern standards. They are trained, skilled, and uniquely qualified to manage and treat facial trauma. Dr. Krueger is on staff at a local hospital and delivers emergency room coverage for facial injuries, which include the following conditions:
- Facial lacerations
- Intra oral lacerations
- Avulsed (knocked out) teeth
- Fractured facial bones (cheek, nose or eye socket)
- Fractured jaws (upper and lower jaw)
The Nature of Maxillofacial Trauma
There are a number of possible causes of facial trauma such as motor vehicle accidents, accidental falls, sports injuries, interpersonal violence, and work-related injuries. Types of facial injuries can range from injuries of teeth to extremely severe injuries of the skin and bones of the face. Typically, facial injuries are classified as either soft tissue injuries (skin and gums), bone injuries (fractures), or injuries to special regions (such as the eyes, facial nerves or the salivary glands).
Soft Tissue Injuries of the Maxillofacial Region
When soft tissue injuries such as lacerations occur on the face, they are repaired by suturing. In addition to the obvious concern of providing a repair that yields the best cosmetic result possible, care is taken to inspect for and treat injuries to structures such as facial nerves, salivary glands, and salivary ducts (or outflow channels). Dr. Krueger, Dr. Lenox and Dr. Peterson are well-trained oral and maxillofacial surgeons and are proficient at diagnosing and treating all types of facial lacerations.
Bone Injuries of the Maxillofacial Region
Fractures of the bones of the face are treated in a manner similar to the fractures in other parts of the body. The specific form of treatment is determined by various factors, which include the location of the fracture, the severity of the fracture, the age, and general health of the patient. When an arm or a leg is fractured, a cast is often applied to stabilize the bone to allow for proper healing. Since a cast cannot be placed on the face, other means have been developed to stabilize facial fractures.
One of these options involves wiring the jaws together for certain fractures of the upper and/or lower jaw. Certain other types of fractures of the jaw are best treated and stabilized by the surgical placement of small plates and screws at the involved site. This technique of treatment can often allow for healing and obviates the necessity of having the jaws wired together. This technique is called “rigid fixation” of a fracture. The relatively recent development and use of rigid fixation has profoundly improved the recovery period for many patients, allowing them to return to normal function more quickly.
The treatment of facial fractures should be accomplished in a thorough and predictable manner. More importantly, the patient’s facial appearance should be minimally affected. An attempt at accessing the facial bones through the fewest incisions necessary is always made. At the same time, the incisions that become necessary, are designed to be small and, whenever possible, are placed so that the resultant scar is hidden.
Injuries to the Teeth & Surrounding Dental Structures
Isolated injuries to teeth are quite common and may require the expertise of various dental specialists. Oral surgeons usually are involved in treating fractures in the supporting bone or in replanting teeth that have been displaced or knocked out. These types of injuries are treated by one of a number of forms of splinting (stabilizing by wiring or bonding teeth together). If a tooth is knocked out, it should be placed in salt water or milk. The sooner the tooth is re-inserted into the dental socket, the better chance it will survive. Therefore, the patient should see a dentist or oral surgeon as soon as possible. Never attempt to wipe the tooth off, since remnants of the ligament that hold the tooth in the jaw are attached and are vital to the success of replanting the tooth. Other dental specialists may be called upon such as endodontists, who may be asked to perform root canal therapy, and/or restorative dentists who may need to repair or rebuild fractured teeth. In the event that injured teeth cannot be saved or repaired, dental implants are often now utilized as replacements for missing teeth.
The proper treatment of facial injuries is now the realm of specialists who are well versed in emergency care, acute treatment, long-term reconstruction, and rehabilitation of the patient.
Krueger & Lenox Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Patient Review By Gloria K C
Dr Lenox cane to the Bend Hospital on a Sunday morning (and afternoon!) to care for me after a fall while exploring a lava tube. He carefully stitched the inside and outside of my lip. He was kind, confident and skilled. 10 days have passed and I cannot believe how my lip has healed, looking very normal. I would not have expected such amazing results. Thank you Dr Lenox for giving up your Sunday and taking such care to repair my facial injury.
- Gloria K C
Patient Review By Barb C
I am a retired nurse with 35 years of experience. I feel that I am a good judge of professionalism within the medical field. I was very impressed with my overall experience from the scheduling people to the very talented Surgeon, Dr. Krueger. I had tori removed from my mouth and was nervous about this surgery however Dr. Krueger was able to ease my anxiety of this impending surgery. The surgery went exceedingly well and the post op period was uneventful and the discomfort was minimal. I only wish I had this surgery years ago. I would recommend Dr. Krueger to anyone who is nervous regarding mouth surgery. He is kind, empathic and professional.
- Barb C
Patient Review By Catherina M
I've gone in a few times and have had fillings done. One of my fillings was very stubborn but the staff and Doctor did everything they could to get it taken care of and it worked. Upon my recent visit for a simple cleaning all the staff asked how my filling was doing. That surprised me that they would remember with how many patients come by every day. Everyone is kind and fantastic at their jobs. I highly recommend this clinic to anyone looking for a new dentist!
- Catherina M
Patient Review By Helen L
everyone was calm and courteous. Dr. Krueger inspired my confidence which for me is not an easy thing to do. He patiently answered all questions. After surgery he called to make sure I was doing well. Thank you so much for the wonderful care.
- Helen L